If climbing Mount Kilimanjaro is on your bucket list, you’ll need to invest in some serious preparation before your trip. This isn’t something you can tackle on a whim, or even take on with a few weeks of preparation. Training for Kilimanjaro can take months or even years depending on your level of physical fitness. Kick up your fitness routine with the right activities and start tackling some easier treks to get your body ready for what’s ahead. Hiking up to 19,341 feet (5,895 meters) on Kilimanjaro is an incredible life-changing experience. But the strenuous conditions, rough terrain, and difference in oxygen levels can take a serious toll on you. With proper training, you can add hiking up to the heights of Kilimanjaro to the list of unforgettable experiences that you’ve successfully completed. Read on to learn how to physically prepare your body for the “Roof of Africa.”
Why You Need to Train
Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro isn’t a walk in the park; it is physically demanding, especially once you reach 12,000 feet (3,658 meters). Your body needs to be prepared for the challenges that await you or you may suffer injuries. These can range from sore leg joints to aching and pulled muscles in the upper and lower body. The descent from the top is particularly taxing on the knees, hips, and thighs.
If you’re not physically fit, you will also tire quickly and struggle to breathe. About 60% of climbers experience acute mountain sickness (altitude sickness), which can result in exhaustion, lassitude, nausea, headaches, and swelling of the hands and feet. Someone who is fit is less likely to experience these symptoms.
Kilimanjaro Training Guide
Depending on which route you take, you will spend between 6 to 13 days trekking (that’s a lot of trekking), so training for Kilimanjaro should begin at least two months before your hike. While you’re training, make sure to focus on weak areas. Any weak joints will be painfully identified on Kilimanjaro. Follow this fitness guide and make sure to rest for at least 4 days before your climb.
1. Aerobic Exercise
Strengthening your heart and lungs before the trek is important. These vital organs need to be able to cope with the high altitude and extreme physical demands of a Kilimanjaro climb. Cardio endurance training will improve your ability to ascend the mountain, especially on those steeper hiking days. To avoid sickness, fatigue, and other problems, we recommend vigorous aerobic workout sessions of between 45 and 60 minutes, 4-5 days a week, during which you maintain a heart rate of at least 70% of your maximum heart rate. The following aerobic exercises are all great ways to get your heart rate up:
- Stair climbing
- Strenuous hiking|
2. Strength Training
Strength training should be done 2-3 days a week. The goal here is to increase physical strength in your legs and upper body. You are going to need it. To build up your legs, you can do 3 sets of 15 repetitions of each of the following exercises:
- Incline leg press
- Leg Extension
- Walking lunges
- Rear lunges
- Standing calf raises
To build upper body strength, include these exercises in your training routine:
- Push ups
- Reverse grip pulldown
Stretching lowers your risk of injury by preparing the muscles for activity. Stretching also reduces stiffness and soreness. To prepare for a Mount Kili climb, stretch the following muscle groups daily:
- Shoulder Girdle
These are the muscles that tend to take most of the strain, but don’t ignore the rest of the body. There are many different types of stretches. 15-30 seconds per muscle group per day is recommended.
Hiking up and down hills is perhaps the best way to train for a Kilimanjaro climb. Try to go on at least one strenuous 3-hour hike every weekend. If there are no hills where you live, stairwells, stadium steps and parking ramps can simulate hiking conditions. Be sure to hike in your full gear (boots, daypack, and poles), so you can get used to trekking with your equipment.
Prepare for the Journey
Training for Kilimanjaro makes you stronger, smarter, and much more confident. Plus, you’ll avoid injuries. Kilimanjaro only reveals its secrets to those who prepare for the journey.
If you’re ready to start training for Kilimanjaro, learn what else you need to do to prepare like a pro for this once in a lifetime experience.